E3S Web Conf.
Volume 349, 202210th International Conference on Life Cycle Management (LCM 2021)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Sustainability and Impact Assessment|
|Published online||20 May 2022|
Assessment of airborne emissions during the use of a Cadmium Telluride Quantum Dots incorporating ink and a proposal to calculate their human health and freshwater effect factors
INKOA SISTEMAS, Ribera de Axpe 11, Edificio D1 Dpto 208. 48950 Erandio, Spain
2 CBET Research Group, Department of Zoology and Animal Cell Biology; Faculty of Science and Technology and Research Centre for Experimental Marine Biology and Biotechnology PIE, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, Barrio Sarriena s/n, 48940 Leioa, Spain
3 EKOTEK, Ribera de Axpe 11, Edificio D1 Dpto 208. 48950 Erandio, Spain
4 Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research TNO, Location Zeist, PO Box 360, 3700 AJ Zeist, The Netherlands
5 Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research TNO, Location Utrecht, PO Box 80015, 3508 TA Utrecht, The Netherlands
6 Institute for Research and Technology in Agrifood, IRTA, Torre Marimon, 08140 Caldes de Montbui, Spain
Quantum dots (QDs) confer a wide range of optical properties to pigments/inks. With new products and applications entering the market, the airborne emissions of QDs-incorporating inks during usage stage at consumer scale (e.g. household printing) and their corresponding impacts towards human health and the environment need to be investigated. In the present work Cadmium Telluride (CdTe) QDs have been selected as a case study. The targets of this study comprise: (i) the characterization under controlled conditions of the emissions during inkjet printing of a prototype of a CdTe QDs nanoadditivated ink and (ii) the assessment of the feasibility to derive human health and freshwater effect factors (EF) for potentially released CdTe QDs with the USEtox® consensus model. Mean particle size after 60 minutes inkjet printing corresponded to 59.52 nm. For human health EF calculation an extrapolation to the human EF of other nanomaterials has been proposed considering CdTe QDs’ specific surface area whereas for the calculation of the freshwater EF, few of the data available have revealed suitable. A generic constraint to calculate both EFs for CdTe QDs released throughout the life cycle of a product incorporating them is related to the absence of information corresponding to their specific (eco)toxicological impacts.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
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