E3S Web Conf.
Volume 362, 2022BuildSim Nordic 2022
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Commissioning and Demand Response|
|Published online||01 December 2022|
Simulation of demand response on buildings and district heating production
1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Aalto University, Espoo, Finland
2 FinEst Centre for Smart Cities, TalTech, Tallinn, Estonia
3 Department of Environmental Engineering, Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, Hamburg, Germany
4 Competence Center for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (CC4E), Hamburg, Germany
5 College of Urban Construction, Nanjing Tech University, Nanjing, China
6 Department of Energy and Process Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
* corresponding author: email@example.com
Demand response (DR) has effectively maximized renewable energies integrated into energy supply systems. This paper investigated DR benefits on three building types and the district heating (DH) production of a community consisted by these buildings in German conditions. Firstly, the buildings and the DH production were simulated without DR by tools IDA-ICE and HGSO, separately. Secondly, the three buildings were simulated by a rule-based DR control. After that, the tool HGSO calculated the total production costs and CO2 emissions based on the power demand with DR. The results show 2.8%-4.8% heating cost savings by DR for different building types. For DH producers, DR application reduces the total DH demand and CO2 emissions by 3.8% and 32.3 %, respectively.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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