E3S Web Conf.
Volume 376, 2023International Scientific and Practical Conference “Environmental Risks and Safety in Mechanical Engineering” (ERSME-2023)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||IV Environmental Impact of Transport Logistics|
|Published online||31 March 2023|
Heat exchange modeling between the air flow and the metro ventilation shaft lining in the conditions of St. Petersburg, Russia
1 SUE «St. Petersburg Metropoliten», Moskovsky Ave. 28, 190013, Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation
2 ITMO University, Kronverksky Ave., 49, lit. A, 197101, Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation
3 Peter the Great St.Petersburg Polytechnic University, Politechnicheskaya str. 29, 195251, Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Icing of the injection layer in underground tunnels and ventilation shafts leads to wear, destruction of supporting structures and flooding. In St. Petersburg the air temperature in winter can drop to -25 ° C, what can lead to these phenomena in the subway facilities. The article presents the modeling results of a viscous three-dimensional air flow, heat and mass transfer of a metro ventilation shaft in the Ansys CFX program. A numerical model of the ventilation shaft and the surrounding soil consisting of five layers has been developed: air; foam glass concrete; prefabricated cast-iron tubing lining; injection layer; soil massif. The parameters of the computational grid and the boundary conditions of the problem are specified. Two models of the ventilation shaft with an axial length of 1 m and 10 m were built. Temperature plots are constructed for three tasks, where the injection layer consists of water, wet clay soil and average between water and wet clay soil. The choice of overall thermal and technical characteristics of the thermal insulation material during the reconstruction of the existing ventilation shafts in three different sealing space conditions is confirmed.
Key words: ventilation shaft / lining / air flow / icing / forced convection / thermal convection / heat transfer / CFD
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2023
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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