E3S Web Conf.
Volume 403, 2023XII International Scientific and Practical Forum “Environmentally Sustainable Cities and Settlements: Problems and Solutions” (ESCP-2023)
|Number of page(s)
|Environmental Aspects of Construction Technologies
|25 July 2023
The impact of ecology on labor productivity in the development of hard-to-reach areas
Moscow State University of Civil Engineering, Moscow, Russia
1 Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The structure of extreme factors in the pioneer development of hard-to-reach territories is considered. The activity of their influence on employees in the pre-production and production periods is assessed. The dynamics of the impact of factors of the pre-production period associated with the duration of the employee's move from permanent residence toplace of work and change of time zones and climatic zones. The influence of not only traditional factors during the production period - low temperatures, hurricane winds and atmospheric pressure drops, but also the impact on the body of the "polar night" and "magnetic storms" is described, indicating the correction factors for the rehabilitation time. The model of the most optimal type of workers for northern conditions and their psychophysiological characteristics are revealed. A favorable period of active work is indicated with rational indicators of overtime hours and average coefficients of decrease in labor productivity, as well as recommended cycles and modes of work and rest for the Arctic, Komi and the Tyumen region. The features of preparation for the pioneer development of the territory are highlighted, representing measures to maximize the return on labor based on the creation of future objects from aggregate-block units of full factory readiness, delivery of labor and material and technical resources only by flights, maintaining the continuity and pace of work.
Key words: development of hard-to-reach areas / extreme factors / dynamics of labor productivity / rehabilitation time / work and rest regimes / workers’ health
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2023
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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