E3S Web Conf.
Volume 412, 2023International Conference on Innovation in Modern Applied Science, Environment, Energy and Earth Studies (ICIES’11 2023)
|Number of page(s)
|17 August 2023
Female Farm Workers in Morocco: Between Laborious Working Conditions and Environmental Challenges
Research Laboratory on Social Differentiation and Sexual Identities (LADSIS). Hassan II University
The present paper posits that female labor force in the Moroccan agricultural sector plays a crucial role in production and provides specific expertise, leading to an increasingly visible feminization of the sector. Taken into consideration their invaluable contributions, the primary objective of this field-based study is to unveil the working conditions that female farm workers endure, including extended working hours, high physical demands, and health risks caused by either climate change or industrial fertilizers. It also seeks to comprehend gender stereotypes that perpetuate these inequalities. Consequently, this study avoids treating this group of women as a homogeneous ensemble. Instead, the purpose is to closely observe female workers and listen to their speeches to gain an insight into their daily experiences. This is achieved through a micro-sociological framework that involves direct observation of female workers on the farms, as well as semistructured interviews. The research findings confirm that female workers encounter gender-based differentiations in the workplace, stigmatizing representations from their surroundings, and restrictions on access to the workplace. Additionally, they are subject to the negative impact of the working environment on their health and well-being.
Key words: Working women / Agriculture / Feminization / Gender stereotypes / Mouqef / Health risks / Climate change
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2023
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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