E3S Web Conf.
Volume 420, 2023EBWFF 2023 - International Scientific Conference Ecological and Biological Well-Being of Flora and Fauna (Part 1)
|Number of page(s)||16|
|Section||Environmental Education and Sustainable Tourism|
|Published online||04 September 2023|
Improvement of wheat cultivation technology with Increased yield and product quality
1 Samara State Agrarian University, 2, Uchebnaya St., Ust-Kinelskiy, 446409, Russia
2 Don State Technical University, 1, Gagarin Sq., Rostov-on-Don, 344003, Russia
3 Agricultural Research Center “Donskoy” FSBSI, Nauchny Gorodok Str. 3, Zernograd, 347740, Russian Federation
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The article is devoted to into the study of the optimisation of the process of using liquid nitrogen mineral fertilisers based on a carbamide-ammonia mixture, both in the serial form of CAM-32 and in the innovative CAM+S (with the addition of the sulfur mesoelement (S)) as a top dressing for winter wheat in spring during tillering. The application process was carried out superficially on crops with large-drop nozzles with a serial rod sprayer “Tuman-2” and an injec-tion-innovative multi-injector unit “Tuman-2M”. The article presents the improvement of the technology of cultivation of winter wheat of the "Basis" variety with the use of liquid mineral nitrogen and nitrogen-sulfur-containing fertilisers. The results obtained will improve the technology of wheat cultivation and improve the quality of the crop. The results of the research are an in-crease in yield compared with the use of granular solid mineral fertilisers: ammonium nitrate with the same nitrogen equivalent from 16.7 to 2.64 t/ha or from 34.5 to 58.1% and an improvement in grain quality to the level of class I compared with class III wheat quality when it is cultivated us-ing innovative technologies described in this work.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2023
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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