E3S Web Conf.
Volume 430, 202315th International Conference on Materials Processing and Characterization (ICMPC 2023)
|Number of page(s)||27|
|Published online||06 October 2023|
Behavioural Study of High Carbon Steel Material in Hot and Cold Working Media: A Review
1 Department of Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering, Afe Babalola University, Ado Ekiti, 360001, Nigeria
2 Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Technology, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, 2028, South Africa
3 Mechanical Engineering Department, Bells University of Technology, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria
4 Department of Sociology, Afe Babalola University, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria
Due to its exceptional mechanical properties, such as its high strength and hardness, high-carbon steel is utilised extensively in various industries. The way of behaving of high-carbon steel is impacted by various handling strategies, for example, hot working and cold working, which can influence its microstructure and mechanical properties. The review aims to Study the behaviour of high-carbon steel material in hot and cold working media. Also, to look at the effects of hot and cold working on the macrostructure of the high carbon steel and the mechanical properties such as hardness, comprehension, impact tests, tensile stress and strain analysis. From the review, the hot and cold working processes, such as bending, rolling, and squeezing, for the result obtained from the hardness test shows the hardness value for hot rolling is higher than that of cold rolling (it is generally expected for hardness obtained from cold rolling should be higher than that from hot rolling) this may be due to the variations in the rolling parameters. While the hardness obtained from cold bending s higher than that from hot bending, and the hardness value obtained from hot squeezing is higher than that of cold squeezing. The results for hot bending of high-carbon steel show improved ductility and reduced risk of cracking compared to cold bending. This viable finding is highly significant to manufacturers to enable the production of sustainable materials for structural applications.
Key words: High Carbon Steel / Hot and Cold Working Media / Annealing and Normalizing method / Heat treatment
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2023
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