Open Access
E3S Web Conf.
Volume 340, 2022
The 13th of Aceh International Workshop and Expo on Sustainable Tsunami Disaster Recovery (The 13th AIWEST-DR 2021)
Article Number 05008
Number of page(s) 11
Section Human Security, Pandemic, and Communicable Disease
Published online 25 January 2022
  1. “Tsunami Selat Sunda: Korban Tewas 430 orang, Krakatau jadi 'siaga', Hujan Abu di beberapa tempat”, 27-12-2018. Diakses pada [Google Scholar]
  2. “BMKG Paparkan Kronologi Tsunami Selat Sunda”, 23-12-2018 diakses dari [Google Scholar]
  3. Zengefinnen, T., Lovhort, F., Pedersen, G.K., Muhari, Abdul. “Modelling 2018 Anak Krakatoa Flank Collapse and Tsunami: Effect of Landslide Failure Mechanism and Dynamics on Tsunami Generation.” Pure and Applied Geophysics (2020): 2493–2516 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  4. Interview by phone with Bapak Hayun, a member of Tourism activist in Sebesi island, on 30 June 2020, at 19.30 WIB. [Google Scholar]
  5. Interview with Bapak Andi (staff of Desa Tejang) on 3 August 2019 in the Office of Tejang Village in Sebesi island. [Google Scholar]
  6. Simon Winchester, S. Krakatau: Ketika Dunia Meledak 27 Agustus 1883 (Terjemahan) (Jakarta: Serambi Ilmu Semesta, 2006). [Google Scholar]
  7. Yogaswara, H., Yulianto, E. Smong—Local Knowledge and Strategies on Tsunami preparedness in Simeulue Island, Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam, (LIPI and UNESCO, 2005). [Google Scholar]
  8. Bankoff, G. “Comparing Vulnerabilities: Toward Charting an Historical Trajectory of Disasters,” in Historical Social Research. Vol. 32, No. 3 (212), (2007) pp. 103–114. [Google Scholar]
  9. Halbwachs, M. On Collective Memory. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, (1992). [Google Scholar]
  10. Tulius, J. (2020). “Lesson from The Past, Knowledge for The Future: Roles of Human Memories in Earthquake and Tsunami Narratives in Mentawai, Indonesia.” Paradigma Jurnal Kajian Budaya,, Vol 10 (2), (2020). [Google Scholar]
  11. Rahman, A., Sakurai, A., Munadi, K. 'Indigenous Knowledge management to Enhance Community Resilience to Tsunami Risk: Lesson Learned from Smong Traditions in Simeulue Island, Indonesia.' in IOP Conference Series Earth and Environmental Science. 56((1): 012018. IOP Publishing: 2017. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  12. Gani A. Jaelani, “Seberapa Panjang Longue Durée? Catatan tentang Longue Durée dalam Praktik Penulisan Sejarah,” in Metahumaniora, Volume 9 Nomor 3, Desember 2019, 313–327 [Google Scholar]
  13. Interview with Bapak Rozali—secretary of Tejang Village term 2020—on 15 October 2020 and interview with Bapak Tb. Firdaus— secretary of Tejang Village term 2021-2023— on 14 April 2012 [Google Scholar]
  14. Wiryawan, B., D.G. Bengen, I. Yulianto, H.A. Susanto, A.K. Mahi, M. Ahmad. Sumberdaya Pulau Sebesi, Kecamatan Rajabasa Kabupaten Lampung Selatan. (Penerbitan Khusus Proyek Pesisir, Coastal Resources Centre - University of Rhode Island. Narraganset, Rhode Island, 2002) [Google Scholar]
  15. Nieuwe Hoornsche Courant, Friday 29 January 1937. [Google Scholar]
  16. Soerabaijasch Handelsblad, 22 October 1833; [Google Scholar]
  17. Algeemen Handelsblad, 22 November 1833; [Google Scholar]
  18. De Standaard, 4 December 1883. [Google Scholar]
  19. “Een Bezoek aan Krakatau,” De Locomotief, 17 Maart 1885. [Google Scholar]
  20. J.W. Van Royen, “Nota Over de Lampongsche Merga's” (Landsdrukerij, 1930, pp. 49) [Google Scholar]
  21. “Twee Eilanden in Straat Soenda Te Koop,” De Locomotief, Zaterdag 22 Augustus 1936, Zesde Blad, p. 2. [Google Scholar]
  22. De Sumatra Post, 27 Augustus 1936, “Adat Rechten en Legenden”, Derde Blad. [Google Scholar]
  23. Ian Thorton, Island Colonization. The Origin and Development of Island Communities. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002 [Google Scholar]
  24. Interview with Bapak Busry on 15 October 2020 at Dusun Segenom. He was a supervisor for Segenom area. He was born in 1947 in Sebesi island and became 4th generation of his families that stayed in the island. In 1955, his father, who also a supervpervisor in Segenom, and his fellow supervisor from Regahan Lada, Mad Husein, were able to conduct Hajj pilgrim because of coconut sales during that period. Bapak Busry is a son of Hadji Abdoellah, a first supervisor appointed by Hadji Djamaloedin in 1925. He was among the first settler in Sebesi. [Google Scholar]
  25. Interview with Bapak Busry on 15 October 2020; interview with Ibu Rohani on 16 April 2021; interview with Dato Mohamad Saleh (Saleh Salui) on 15 April 2021; Interview with nenek Kani on 25 May 2021 [Google Scholar]
  26. Interview with Bapak Hayun during field research in 2020 and 2021. [Google Scholar]
  27. Interview with Bapak Mochtar on 17 April 2021 and 25 May 2021. His Dato (kakek) was the first batch workers that granted permission from Saleh Ali as profit-sharing cultivators in 1937. This was proved by a copy of an agreement letter between his Dato and Saleh Ali. [Google Scholar]
  28. ANRI, 8552 TZG Ag 1931/29051 [Google Scholar]
  29. Interview with Bapak Mochtar on 23/5/2021, 17/4/2021, and 14/10/2020. He was appointed as Head Village for the period from 19882000. [Google Scholar]
  30. Syamsidik, Benazir, Mumtaz Luthfi, Anawat Suppasri, and Louise K. Comfort, “The 22 December 2018 Mount Anak Krakatau volcanogenic tsunami on Sunda Strait coasts, Indonesia: tsunami and damage characteristics” in Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, (20, 549–565, 2020). [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  31. Lewis, James. (2009). “An Island Characteristic: Derivative Vulnerabilities to indigenous and exogenous Hazards.” Shima: The International Journal of Research into Island Cultures, (Vol 3: 1). [Google Scholar]
  32. Jedrusik, “Island Studies. Island Geography. But What is an Island?” in Miscellania Geographica, (Volume 15(1):201–212, 2011). [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  33. Yuli Evadiyanti, “Reposisi Brand dalam Festival Krakatau oleh Dinas Kebudayaan dan Pariwisata Kota Lampung.” PRofesi Humas: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Hubungan Masyarakat, (Vol 2: No. 1, 2017). [Google Scholar]
  34. Yuli Evadianti, ibid [Google Scholar]
  35. Interview with Ibu Rumanah, Ibu Jamilah, and Ibu Maemunah at the grocery store belong to Ibu Rumanah on 13 October 2020 at 14.00 PM [Google Scholar]
  36. Interview with Bapak Jefry on 22 May 2021. He is a staf in BKSDA since 2008. [Google Scholar]
  37. Interview with Bapak Jefry on 22 May 2021 [Google Scholar]
  38. Different with Pak Jefry, Bapak Herman, his elder brother from different mother, still clearly remember the catastrophic tsunami Krakatau because his grandmother from his mother's side continuously told the story to him. Bapak Herman works as a ship crew in KM Dewi Putri, a ship in Canti-Sebesi line. The experience of Bapak Herman explain that some Sebesians might know and still remember the previous tsunami, although most of them fairly admitted that they forgot about a devastated disaster in 1883. Bapak Herman, personal communication, 21 May 2021. [Google Scholar]
  39. Interview with nenek Kani on 25 May 2021. She was among the first settler who moved in to Sebesi in 1955 at the age of 10 years old, the age where she can clearly remember her journey to Sebesi and the development of her umbul into hamlet. She was a wife of Mad Huein, a supervisor of Regahan Lada hamlet, so that she knew a development of this hamlet from 1960s to 1990s. Until recently, nenek Kani is an honourable figure as healer and traditional mid-wives. [Google Scholar]
  40. Interview with Bapak Mochtar on 14 October 2020. [Google Scholar]
  41. Interview with Hasmy, Andi, and Bapak Achmad Khurtubi di separate place during field research on 13-16 October 2020. [Google Scholar]
  42. [Interview with pak Hayun during field research on 13-16 October 2020. [Google Scholar]
  43. Nirupma Rath, “Remembering and Forgetting,” in Psychology of Education (New Delhi: Global Vision Publishing House, 2008) [Google Scholar]

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