E3S Web Conf.
Volume 9, 20163rd European Conference on Unsaturated Soils – “E-UNSAT 2016”
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Advances in Experimental Methods: Mechanical Properties|
|Published online||12 September 2016|
Interpreting measurements of small strain elastic shear modulus under unsaturated conditions
University of Glasgow, School of Engineering, Rankine Building, G12 8LT, Glasgow, UK
a Corresponding author: Simon.Wheeler@glasgow.ac.uk
Bender element testing of unsaturated isotropically compacted speswhite kaolin samples was used to investigate the variation of small strain elastic shear modulus G under unsaturated conditions. Testing was performed in a suction-controlled triaxial cell and involved combinations of isotropic loading and unloading stages and wetting and drying stages. Analysis of the experimental results indicated that the variation of G could be represented by a simple expression involving only mean Bishop’s stress p* and specific volume v, with the only significant mismatches between measured and predicted values of G occuring at the end of final unloading. No significant improvement of fit was achieved by incorporating additional dependency on degree of saturation Sr or a bonding parameter ζ. The proposed expression for G reverts to a well-established form for saturated soils as Sr tends to 1.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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