E3S Web Conf.
Volume 16, 201711th European Space Power Conference
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Energy Storage: Mission Design and Experience|
|Published online||23 May 2017|
Rosetta Lander Batteries Experience During All Operation Phases
1 Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales, Toulouse, France
2 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, Cologne, Germany
3 Saft, Poitiers, France
4 ABSL, Abingdon, United Kingdom
Rosetta is an ambitious ESA mission, launched in March 2004 from Kourou and which performed a rendezvous with comet 67/P Churyumov-Gerasimenko. Its lander, Philae, achieved landing on comet soil on the 12th November 2014 and performed 64 hours of science activities on its batteries before going into hibernation due to lack of solar energy.
Philae is operated by the Lander Control Centre (LCC) at DLR Cologne Germany and the Science Operations and Navigation Centre (SONC) at CNES Toulouse France. The Lander system was provided by a European consortium (Germany, France, Italy, Hungary, Finland, UK, Ireland, Switzerland and Austria) and supports a scientific payload of 10 instruments.
The Philae battery system was provided by CNES, it is composed of a Saft primary battery (1518Wh) and an ABSL secondary battery (151Wh). The primary is made of non-rechargeable LSH20 (LiSOCl2) Saft cells and the secondary of rechargeable ABSL Li-ion 18650HC. For the Philae mission, the energetic constraint was very important. Indeed, before launch, the operations had to be planned considering variability of several parameters (descent duration, communication slots, comet temperature, solar power availability, etc.). Since Rosetta launch, cells and batteries have been stored and specific ground test plans have been identified in order to follow the battery ageing and to validate the final Philae operation schedule. From ground test results, an electrical model of the batteries was developed to help the operations scheduling.
During cruise, the operations consisted of secondary batteries monitoring and tests and primary battery conditioning. During separation and on-comet operations, the behaviour of the batteries system was checked and electric simulations helped with activities scheduling.
Firstly, this paper will describe the Philae mission. In a second part, the batteries system will be presented. The ground strategy will be detailed. Finally, the operations of Philae batteries system will be described.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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