E3S Web Conf.
Volume 17, 20179th Conference on Interdisciplinary Problems in Environmental Protection and Engineering EKO-DOK 2017
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||24 May 2017|
Exposure of urban agglomeration population to the selected components of PM1 emitted from low emission sources
1 Wroclaw University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Environmental Engineering, Unit of Ecologistics and Environmental Risk Management, Wybrzeże Wyspiańskiego 27 St., 50-370 Wroclaw, Poland
2 Institute of Environmental Engineering, Polish Academy of Sciences, M. Skłodowskiej-Curie 34 St., 41-819 Zabrze, Poland
3 The Main School of Fire Service, Faculty of Fire Safety Engineering, Słowackiego 52/54 St., 01-629 Warsaw, Poland
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The sources of gaseous and particulate (PM) pollutants in Polish cities are mainly: municipal sector, industry, emissions from the road transport and the upstream emission (pollution “flowing” to the cities, derived from emission sources located outside of cities). The residents of the cities are mainly exposed to air pollutants from low-emission sources (i.e. municipal sector and road traffic). In the paper, the results of the study from field campaign, conducted in January of 2016 in Wroclaw will be presented. During the field campaign the 24-h concentrations of submicron particulate matter (PM1) and 24-h concentrations of selected PM1-bound heavy metals were determined. The cancer risk associated with inhalation exposure to arsenic, nickel, and cadmium to the city’s residents, based on the US Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) standards methodology including the so-called lifelong chronic exposure of adult and child, was calculated. Measurements results showed that in Wroclaw during the winter season in 2016 the 24-h concentrations of PM1-bound arsenic, nickel and cadmium ranged from 0.51 to 4.26 ng/m3, 0.21–52.89 ng/m3 and 0.08–1.01 ng/m3, respectively. Obtained calculations results of cancer risk values for inhalation exposure to arsenic were: for men: 6.11·10−6, women: 7.30·10−6, children: 14.90·10−6, to nickel: for men: 1.91·10−6, women: 2.29·10−6, children: 4.67·10−6, to cadmium: for men: 0.37·10−6, women: 0.44·10−6, children: 0.91·10−6. The values obtained for inhalation exposure among children indicated the high potential risk of cancer, mainly for arsenic exposure.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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