E3S Web Conf.
Volume 17, 20179th Conference on Interdisciplinary Problems in Environmental Protection and Engineering EKO-DOK 2017
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||24 May 2017|
The impact of the work under partial load on the energy efficiency of an air-to-water heat pump
Wrocław University of Science and Technology, Wybrzeże Stanisława Wyspiańskiego 27, 50-370 Wrocław , Poland
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The energy efficiency of air-to-water heat pumps used for central heating depends significantly on the correctness of the device choice. Under given climate conditions, the temperature of the bivalent point defines the amount of energy supplied from an additional source, usually an electric heater, in periods when the power of the heat pump is too low. Commonly overlooked fact is that excess capacity is also unfavourable and has significant, negative impact on the energy efficiency of such a system. In the article, basing on the measurement data of the real installation of the air-to-water heat pump, a significant decrease in the energy efficiency of the device during periods of low energy demand was shown. The average monthly value of SCOP in the warm months was similar or even lower than in the winter months. The reason of this is the operation of the device under partial load. Although the values of COP were very high in short periods of operation, frequent switching on and off of the heat pump reduced its energy efficiency. Also, the length of operation in stand-by mode, i.e. the length of the periods between successive heating cycles, had negative influence on energy efficiency.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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