E3S Web Conf.
Volume 17, 20179th Conference on Interdisciplinary Problems in Environmental Protection and Engineering EKO-DOK 2017
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||24 May 2017|
Impact of the duct static pressure reset control strategy on the energy consumption by the HVAC system
Wroclaw University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Environmental Engineering, Wybrzeze S. Wyspianskiego 27, Wrocław, Poland
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
This article addresses different duct static pressure control strategies which could be implemented in variable air volume air-conditioning systems (VAV). Two pressure reset control strategies are compared to the commonly used control solution based on the “Constant static pressure” method. First pressure reset control strategy, known as PID Control, uses signals from VAV boxes controllers to reset duct static pressure in a way that one of the VAV dampers is maintained almost entirely open. Second strategy decreases static pressure setpoint until an adjustable number of pressure requests occur. As a response to the certain amount of requests, static pressure setpoint is increased. This strategy is called Trim & Respond. Both static pressure reset control strategies described in this paper are considered to have more significant potential for energy savings than the “Constant static pressure” method. In order to validate this potential, several simulations for different control strategies were carried out and the obtained results are compared and analysed. The theoretical limit of the energy savings - set of the optimal control actions, was estimated with Nelder-Mead algorithm and also presented in this article. General description of the static pressure control strategies "Constant static pressure", PID Control and Trim & Respond is given.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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