E3S Web Conf.
Volume 21, 2017IInd International Innovative Mining Symposium (Devoted to Russian Federation Year of Environment)
|Number of page(s)
|Environment Problems in Mining Regions
|10 November 2017
Scientific Background for Processing of Aluminum Waste
1 Saint-Petersburg Mining University, 21st line of V. I., 2, 199106, St. Petersburg, Russia
2 T.F. Gorbachev Kuzbass State Technical University, 650000, 28 Vesennyaya St., Kemerovo, Russia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Changing the source of raw materials for producing aluminum and the emergence of a huge number of secondary alumina waste (foundry slag, sludge, spent catalysts, mineral parts of coal and others that are formed in various industrial enterprises) require the creation of scientific and theoretical foundations for their processing. In this paper, the aluminum alloys (GOST 4784-97) are used as an aluminum raw material component, containing the aluminum component produced as chips in the machine-building enterprises. The aluminum waste is a whole range of metallic aluminum alloys including elements: magnesium, copper, silica, zinc and iron. Analysis of the aluminum waste A1- Zn-Cu-Si-Fe shows that depending on the content of the metal the dissolution process of an aluminum alloy should be treated as the result of the chemical interaction of the metal with an alkaline solution. It is necessary to consider the behavior of the main components of alloys in an alkaline solution as applied to the system Na2O - Al2O3 - SiO2 - CO2 - H2O.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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