E3S Web Conf.
Volume 22, 2017International Conference on Advances in Energy Systems and Environmental Engineering (ASEE17)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||07 November 2017|
CO2 concentration and occupancy density in the critical zones served by the VAV system
École de technologie supérieure, 1100, Notre Dame Street West, Montreal, H4L 4N5, Canada
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
This article presents the results obtained from monitoring a VAV system with highly diversified zone occupancy density are presented in the article. The investigated VAV system meets the load for 72 zones (68 perimeters and 4 interiors) consisting of classrooms, offices, conference rooms, etc. with highly diversified occupancy densities from 1.875 to 2.5 m2/person for the classrooms and from 10 to 15 m2/person for the offices. The monitoring shows that the CO2 concentration can exceed the set point in the critical rooms. Simulation results are also presented in the article to show that it is often impossible to adjust the operation of such VAV systems because the adjusted System Outdoor Air Fractions, % OA, can reach 100% even where the zone CO2 concentration is not respected. The presented monitoring and simulation results were obtained in the winter, with the VAV system operating at partial load and with the minimum outdoor air flowrate required by the economizer system. As shown in the article, to respect the zone set point CO2 concentration in such period, the VAV system must operate mostly at a %OA equal to 100% instead of its minimum value. To circumvent this, the supply zone air flow rate may have to be designed taking into account the CO2 concentration resulting from the critical zones occupancy density.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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