E3S Web Conf.
Volume 22, 2017International Conference on Advances in Energy Systems and Environmental Engineering (ASEE17)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||07 November 2017|
Analysis of freeze protection methods for recuperators used in energy recovery from exhaust air
Wrocław University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Environmental Engineering, Department of Air Conditioning, Heating, Gas Engineering and Air Protection, ul. Norwida 4/6, 50-373 Wrocław, Poland
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
In this study theoretical analysis of the heat and mass transfer in counter-flow recuperators used for energy recovery in air handling units (AHU) under sub-zero outdoor air temperature operating conditions is presented. The most probable variants of year-round heat exchanger operation performance, which characterized by existence of three active heat and mass transfer zones (“dry”, “wet”, “frost”), and effect of the latent heat of water vapour condensation on the realization of these variants was determined. It was established, that the frost tends to take place with increasing temperature effectiveness of the heat exchanger. Two main techniques of the frost prevention (preheating and bypassing the outdoor airflow) were described and analysed. The values of critical outdoor temperatures and outdoor-to-return airflow rate ratio were determined on the base of parametric frosting limits analysis conducted under different inlet return airflow conditions. The comparison of the heat recovery efficiency and additional energy consumption for the air treatment in the AHU is presented.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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