E3S Web Conf.
Volume 40, 2018River Flow 2018 - Ninth International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||River morphodynamics and restoration|
|Published online||05 September 2018|
Limiting the development of riparian vegetation in the Isère River: A physical modelling study
Laboratoire National d'Hydraulique et d'Environnement (LNHE) - Electricité de France R&D - 6 quai Watier, 78400 Chatou, France
2 Laboratoire d'Hydraulique Saint Venant - Ecole des Ponts Paris Tech, Electricité de France R&D, CEREMA - 6 quai Watier, BP49, 78400 Chatou, France
Physical modelling experiments are conducted to investigate if a modification of the Isère River (French Alps) hydrology by changing dams management is able to foster riverbed morphodynamic and, thus limiting riparian plant development. The experimental setup is a 1:35 scale, undistorted movable bed designed to ensure the Froude number similarity and initial conditions for sediment particle motion. The physical model is 35 m long, 2.6 m wide, with a sand mixture composed of three grain size classes. Two runs with different flow and bed load conditions are simulated. Preliminary results show an intense riverbed activity when the system reaches a dynamic equilibrium state. Under these conditions, bar mobility is strong enough to limit vegetation encroachment only when water discharges are higher than the discharge of a 5-years flood during more than 10 days. These results indicate that the hydrological characteristics of the Isère River and the actual configuration of the hydropower structures could be not able to release annually the flow conditions needed to control riparian plant development.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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