E3S Web Conf.
Volume 40, 2018River Flow 2018 - Ninth International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Hydraulic structures and their effects on bed, flow regime and ecology|
|Published online||05 September 2018|
Reservoir sedimentation impact downstream in a semi-arid basin with greenhouses cultivation
Andalusian Regional Government, Almería, Spain
2 Group of Environmental Fluid Dynamics, Andalusian Institute for Earth System Research (IISTA). University of Granada, Spain
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
This work analyzes the loss of storage, in a medium-term basis, of Beninar reservoir (Almería, Spain) built in a semiarid watershed and its consequences downstream. The reservoir, in the Adra river basin (Southern Spain), was designed to supply water for the irrigation of more than 28.000 hectares of greenhouses. Its storage volume, that was initially of 68 hm3 in 1984, has been reduced approximately to half. The total sediment volume arrived to the reservoir during the last 32 years is 6,8 hm3, of which 1,68 hm3 are estimated to come from fluvial contributions. The results remark the torrential nature of rainfall events for generating large sediment contributions and highlights the importance of taking into account these types of events. The total loss of storage is especially relevant from two points of view 1) reduction of flood abatement due to sedimentation and structural problems of dam, which has left only 2 hm3 of regulation capacity and 2) loss of water volume which is essential to improve the water quality of the overexploited and salinized aquifers which supply the greenhouses downstream. Beninar reservoir is a key infrastructure to preserve a competitive price of water for greenhouse cultivation.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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