E3S Web Conf.
Volume 40, 2018River Flow 2018 - Ninth International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Hydraulic structures and their effects on bed, flow regime and ecology|
|Published online||05 September 2018|
Prediction of Bridge Pier Scour Depth and Field Scour Depth Monitoring
Hydrotech Research Institute, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (R.O.C.)
2 National Center for Research on Earthquake Engineering, National Applied Research Laboratories, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (R.O.C.)
3 Department of Civil Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (R.O.C.)
In practice, it is a major challenge in real-time simulation and prediction of bridge pier scour depth, especially using 3-D numerical model. The simulation time spend too much to use 3-D numerical model simulation and inefficiently to predict bridge pier scour depth in real-time. With heavy rainfall during flood season in Taiwan, abundant sediment with flash flood from upstream watershed is transported to downstream river reaches and transportation time is limited within one day. The flood flow tends to damage bridge structures and affect channel stabilization in fluvial rivers. In addition, the main factors affecting the erosional depth around bridge piers and river bed stabilization are hydrological and hydrographic characteristics in river basin, the scouring and silting of river bed section near the bridge piers, the bridge geometry and protection works of bridge piers. Therefore, based on the observed rainfall data provided by the Central Weather Bureau and the hydrological conditions provided by the Water Resources Agency during flood event as the boundary condition, we develop an effective simulation system for scour depth of bridge piers. The scour depth at the bridge pier is observed by the National Center for Research on Earthquake Engineering for model calibration. In this study, an innovative scour monitoring system using vibration-based Micro-Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS) sensors was applied. This vibration-based MEMS sensor was packaged inside a stainless sphere with the proper protection of the full-filled resin, which can measure free vibration signals to detect scouring/deposition processes at the bridge pier. It has demonstrated that the measurement system for monitoring bridge scour depth evolution is quite successful in the field.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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