E3S Web Conf.
Volume 40, 2018River Flow 2018 - Ninth International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Sediment and pollutant dynamics in rivers|
|Published online||05 September 2018|
Phenomenological description of scaling laws of sediment transport
Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur 721302, India
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
In this paper, we seek the scaling laws of sediment transport under a turbulent flow by applying the phenomenological theory of turbulence. The results show that at the threshold of sediment motion, the densimetric Froude number follows a “(1+σ)/4” scaling law with the relative roughness number (ratio of particle size to flow depth), where σ is the spectral exponent. For the bedload transport, the bedload transport intensity follows a “3/2” and “(1+σ)/4” scaling laws with the transport stage function and the relative roughness, respectively. For the scour in a contracted stream, the dimensionless scour depth follows a “4/(3–σ)”, “– 4/(3–σ)” and “–(1+σ)/(3–σ)” scaling laws with the densimetric Froude number, the channel contraction ratio and the relative roughness, respectively.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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