E3S Web Conf.
Volume 40, 2018River Flow 2018 - Ninth International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Sediment and pollutant dynamics in rivers|
|Published online||05 September 2018|
Field data and regional modeling of sediment supply to Emilia-Romagna’s river mouths
Department of Physics and Earth Sciences, University of Ferrara, Italy
2 International Platform for Dryland Research and Education (IPDRE), Tottori University, Japan
3 Department of Engineering, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The Fiumi Uniti and Savio rivers are two small sandy-bed river systems which sediment yield contributes feeds part of the Emilia-Romagna beaches (Italy). Since the twentieth century the northern Adriatic coast has been affected by well-known beach retreat phenomena. As the sediment supply of these local rivers is not well known, an analysis of bed-load transport rates for the last 10 kilometres of the river has been done. Multiple analysis, supported by direct field measurements of the 2005-06 and 2017 years (still ongoing) have been realized. Complementary hydraulic investigation and modelling have been performed. Repeated bed-material samplings have been carried out during different flood conditions, obtaining a significant number of observations. Aiming at defining the behaviour of sediment-transport in these two rivers, this paper focuses on the analysis of threshold sediment transport condition. Several formulae available in literature were used to test the field measurements. All these criteria seem inappropriate to predict the threshold conditions for bed particle entrainment in terms of the value of bed shear stress. The inaccurate estimation given by these formulae is due to the fact that they do not consider natural grain-shape factors or are mainly suitable for gravel-bed rivers.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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