E3S Web Conf.
Volume 40, 2018River Flow 2018 - Ninth International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Sediment and pollutant dynamics in rivers|
|Published online||05 September 2018|
An estimate of bedload discharge in rivers with passive acoustic measurements: Towards a generalized calibration curve?
Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, Grenoble INP, GIPSA-lab, 38000 Grenoble, France
2 EDF, Division Technique Générale, 38000, Grenoble, France
3 IRSTEA, UR ETGR, Univ. Grenoble Alpes, 38000 Grenoble, France
Bedload Self-Generated Noise (SGN) measurements consist in deploying an underwater microphone (i.e. a hydrophone) in the river and to record the ambient noise. The use of hydrophones to measure bedload characteristics (flux, spatial distribution, granulometry) could be of interest as it can be more easily and rapidly deployed than physical samplers in rivers. Several measurement campaigns where conducted during spring and summer 2017 in 5 alpine rivers with contrasted transport conditions (bedload D50 between 1 and 40 mm) and varying slopes (0.05 to 1 %). Physical sampling measurements were done from a bridge along the river cross section for specific bedload flux varying between 10 and 150 g.m-1s-1. Bedload SGN measurements were obtained with a small board equipped with a hydrophone and deriving downstream the bridge within a 10 to 50 m long river section. For 2 of the 5 rivers, acoustic Doppler current profilers (ADCP) were also deployed along the river cross-section to provide a surrogate measurement of apparent bedload velocity. As a result, we have been able to draw an acoustic 1D-map of the river bottom, derived from the SGN sub-surface measurements obtained with the deriving board. The results show a coherent relation between the riverbed acoustic maps and the physical samplings for 3 rivers over 5. Bedload profile were less consistent with SGN measurements when bedload transport was localized in a narrow channel. The apparent bedload velocities obtained with ADCP for 2 rivers are consitent with the physical samplings (bedload location and flux distribution) but a slight bias was observed and is attributed to grain-size sorting effects along the cross-section. Finally, when plotting together 4 over 5 rivers, an almost linear relation can be established between bedload discharge (computed with physical samplings data) and the average acoustic response (i.e acoustic power averaged over the cross-section). This result suggests that a generalized calibration curve could exist between bedload SGN and bedload discharge. The existence of an outsider is interpreted as a problem related to propagation effects. Further researches should therefore concentrate their effort on deconvoluting SGN signals from propagation effects to give a better confident proxy for bedload discharge measurement in different rivers types.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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