E3S Web Conf.
Volume 40, 2018River Flow 2018 - Ninth International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Sediment and pollutant dynamics in rivers|
|Published online||05 September 2018|
Measuring bedload grain-size distributions with passive acoustic measurements
Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, Grenoble INP, GIPSA-lab, 38000 Grenoble, France
2 EDF, Division Technique Générale, 38000, Grenoble, France
3 IRSTEA, UR ETGR, Univ. Grenoble Alpes, 38000 Grenoble, France
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Bedload Self-Generated Noise (SGN) measurements consist in deploying an underwater microphone (i.e. a hydrophone) in the water course and to record the ambient noise of a river. The use of hydrophones is of interest as it can be easily deployed and can provide a continuous monitoring of bedload transport. However, developments are still required to fully understand how bedload characteristics (e.g. specific flux or granulometry) are related to bedload SGN parameters (e.g. acoustic power and spectrum). Laboratory experiments have shown that central and peak frequencies of bedload noise decrease as the particle size increases, just like in string instruments where the tone frequency decreases from a narrow string to a broader string. In this paper, we propose to test a new inverse method enabling the estimation of bedload grain size distributions from SGN measurements. The inverse method is based on a theoretical modelling of the noise generated by a bedload mixture. SGN and physical sampling measurements have been made in 5 French alpine rivers having several transport conditions (bedload D50 from 1 to 40 mm) and varying slopes (0.05 to 1%). Measurements were made for specific bedload flux varying from 10 to 150 g.m-1s-1. The proposed inverse method was used to estimate the bedload grain size distributions. SGN results are compared to bedload samples and are found to largely overestimate sampled granulometries. Finally, it is observed that the spectral characteristics of bedload SGN are not related to bedload GSD but rather to the roughness of the river bed, acting as a source of attenuation and shaping bedload SGN spectra.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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