E3S Web Conf.
Volume 40, 2018River Flow 2018 - Ninth International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Sediment and pollutant dynamics in rivers|
|Published online||05 September 2018|
Estimation of sand suspension in a secondary channel of an alpine river
Irstea, UR RiverLy, centre de Lyon-Villeurbanne, 5 Rue de la Doua, CS 20244, F-69625 Villeurbanne Cedex, France
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In this paper, we present some first attempt to measure graded suspension of sands in an alpine river. It is a real challenge to measure gradedsuspensions of sands in such dynamic rivers. Specific measurements of the graded suspension in the middle of a secondary channel were attempted using a sampler that allows simultaneous sampling at three different elevations (5 cm, 10 cm, and 20 cm) above the bed. Very large concentrations (up to C = 40 g/l) of fine sediments in suspension were measured during a dam reservoir flushing event. It included large amounts of sand (from 10 to 60% of the measured concentration). A substantial graded suspension of sand was measured even for relatively low velocities. Sand fluxes estimates for varying bed shear stresses during the event are discussed. In particular, based on the measured bed shear stress, a semi-empirical formula developed for sand suspension is applied to test its ability to predict sand flux in alpine rivers. The sensibility of such formula to the grain size is very high whereas large uncertainties exist in the measurement (d50 varies from 0.1 to 0.3 mm depending on the sample), which makes its application difficult at the moment.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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