E3S Web Conf.
Volume 40, 2018River Flow 2018 - Ninth International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Fluid mechanics and sediment processes|
|Published online||05 September 2018|
Flow Bifurcation at a Longitudinal Training Dam: Effects on Local Morphology
Wageningen University, Department of Environmental Sciences, Hydrology and Quantitative Water Management Group, P.O. Box 47, 6700 AA, Wageningen, the Netherlands
Longitudinal training dams (LTDs) have been built over a length of 10 km in the Dutch River Waal as an alternative to groyne fields, splitting the river in a fairway and a bank-connected side channel in the inner bend. Here, we study the physical mechanisms governing the three-dimensional flow and its effect on local morphology at the flow divide using a mobile bed physical model of an LTD, centred around a side channel intake. In line with previous experiments, polystyrene granules are used as a lightweight sediment that allows to achieve dynamic similarity between the model and the prototype. An Acoustic Doppler Velocimetry (ADV) profiler is used to monitor the flow characteristics, whereas a line laser scanner set-up is used to measure the morphological imprint of the flow near the bifurcation point. To study the dependence of the results on the sill height at the side channel intake, different forms and heights of the sill are used. First results show striking similarities with measurements from the field pilot in the Waal River, as well as larger sedimentation in the side channel for a uniform low sill compared to a downstream increasing sill height.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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