E3S Web Conf.
Volume 40, 2018River Flow 2018 - Ninth International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Fluid mechanics and sediment processes|
|Published online||05 September 2018|
Numerical shockwave anomalies in the resolu- tion of the Shallow Water Equations with bed variations
Universidad de Zaragoza - CSIC, EINA - LIFTEC
The presence of numerical shockwave anomalies appearing in the resolution of hyperbolic systems of conservation laws is a well-known problem in the scientific community. The most common anomalies are the carbuncle and the slowly-moving shock anomaly. They have been studied for decades in the framework of Euler equations, but only a few authors have considered such problems for the Shallow Water Equations (SWE). In this work, the SWE are considered and the aforementioned anomalies are studied. They arise in presence of hydraulic jumps, which are transcritical shockwaves mathematically modelled as a pure discontinuity. When solving numerically such discontinuities, an unphysical intermediate state appears and gives rise to a spurious spike in the momentum. This is observed in the numerical solution as a spike in the discharge appearing in the cell containing the jump. The presence of the spurious spike in the discharge has been taken for granted by the scientific community and has even become a feature of the solution. Even though it does not disturb the rest of the solution in steady cases, it produces an undesirable shedding of spurious oscillations downstream when considering transient events. We show how it is possible to define a coherent spike reduction technique that reduces the magnitude of this anomaly and ensures convergence to the exact solution with mesh refinement. Concerning the carbuncle, which may also appear in presence of strong hydraulic jumps, a combination of Riemann solvers is proposed to circumvent it. Also, it will be shown how there is still room from improvement when treating anomalies in moving hydraulic jumps over variable topography.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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