E3S Web Conf.
Volume 40, 2018River Flow 2018 - Ninth International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Fluid mechanics and sediment processes|
|Published online||05 September 2018|
Effect of aspect ratio on higher order moments of velocity fluctuations in hydraulically rough open channel flow
Research Scholar, Department of Civil Engineering, IIT Kharagpur, Kharagpur, India, 721302
2 Asst. Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, IIT Kharagpur, Kharagpur, India, 721302
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The effect of aspect ratio on the higher order statistics of velocity fluctuations in a hydraulically rough turbulent open channel flow is investigated. In this regard, an experiment was conducted in a rough bed narrow open channel flow of aspect ratio equal to three and the instantaneous flow velocities were measured using a Nortek Vectrino+ Acoustic Doppler Velocimeter. To understand the effect of aspect ratio, the results obtained from the present study are compared with the literature data of approximately same Reynolds number and bed roughness in a wide open channel flow for turbulence intensities and higher order statistics of velocity fluctuations. Comparison of turbulence intensities between Narrow OCF and Wide OCF shows occurrence of higher streamwise and vertical turbulence intensities in the outer region of Narrow OCF. The results of third order moments of velocity fluctuations are sensitive to aspect ratio in the outer region.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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