E3S Web Conf.
Volume 40, 2018River Flow 2018 - Ninth International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Fluid mechanics and sediment processes|
|Published online||05 September 2018|
Impact of flow variability and sediment characteristics on channel width evolution
Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Cra. 7 No. 40-62, Bogotá D.C., Colombia
2 Delft University of Technology, PO Box 5048, 2600 GA Delft, The Netherlands
3 IHE - Institute for Water Education, PO Box 3015, 2601 DA Delft, The Netherlands
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Alluvial rivers are shaped by sequences of water flows excavating their channels. Observations show that besides the magnitude, also the frequency and duration of streamflow oscillations might be important for the river channel formation. In addition, the river morphology appears influenced also by both size and degree of uniformity of the sediment. Nevertheless, many morphodynamic studies still represent the flow regime with a single value of the discharge, often corresponding to the bankfull condition, and the sediment with its median grain size. This work investigates the effects of streamflow variability and sediment characteristics on channel width formation, analysing the evolution of experimental streams with different sediments and discharge hydrographs. Results show that the formative condition of the channel width is not the geometric bankfull flow but a rather frequent peak flow. Remarkably different channel configurations arise from different sediment characteristics in the laboratory, where sediment non-uniformity produces more stable banks.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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