E3S Web Conf.
Volume 40, 2018River Flow 2018 - Ninth International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||05 September 2018|
Drag determination of an array of square cylinders subjected to shear flow in a compound channel
CERIS, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal
2 Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
3 Laboratório Nacional de Engenharia Civil, Portugal
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Overbank flow in rivers threatens integrity of built elements located in the floodplain. Elements of infrastructure close to the interface between main channel and floodplain are subjected to complex hydrodynamic actions resulting from the obstruction of the shear flow that develops in that interface. In the current paper, the drag forces and the drag coefficient of building-like structures positioned in the interface are investigated. The experimental setup in Laboratorio Nacional de Engenharia Civil (LNEC) involves the placement of an array of square cylinders on the floodplain of a straight compound channel, next to the interface with the main channel. Three-component instantaneous-velocity recordings were performed by means of Acoustic Doppler Velocimetry (ADV) within the boundaries of a considered fluid-control volume encompassing the array, while uniform-flow conditions were established in the channel. The equation of momentum conservation was applied in its integral form in the fluid control-volume towards estimation of the time-averaged drag force at a certain elevation from the floodplain. The drag coefficient is estimated accounting for the typical shear layer at the main-channel/floodplain interface and is compared with coefficients strictly valid for isolated cylinders.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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