E3S Web Conf.
Volume 41, 2018IIIrd International Innovative Mining Symposium
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Environment Problems in Mining Regions|
|Published online||26 June 2018|
Coal Industry Impact on Ants of the Genus Formica (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)
Kemerovo State University, Department of Ecology and Nature Management,
6 Krasnaya st.,
2 Kemerovo State University, Department of Foreign Languages in Professional Communication, 650000, 6 Krasnaya st., Kemerovo, Russian Federation
* Corresponding author : email@example.com
The peculiarities of the settlement of ants of the genus Formica have been studied at the areas affected by varying degreesof impact made by enterprises of surface (opencast mines) and underground (deep mines) coal hard mining. It has been revealed that Formica ants. str. are the most sensitive to any impact and in overwhelming cases disappear from the contaminated area. On the contrary, the representatives of Serviformica are more environmentally flexible, and are able to occupy areas with anaverage degree of contamination. However, the density of the settlement and the abundance remain low. After the cessation of coal mining near opencast mines, the recovery of myrmecofauna occurs more rapidly (7-10 years) than near deep mines (more than50 years). The higher the degree of contamination of the area, the lighter the colour of the ants. The proportion of insect larvae in the Formica rufa food sharply increases in the contaminated area.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
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