E3S Web Conf.
Volume 44, 201810th Conference on Interdisciplinary Problems in Environmental Protection and Engineering EKO-DOK 2018
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||03 July 2018|
Freely available daily hydrometeorological data from Czechia: further insights
Czech Hydrometeorological Institute, Hydrology Database and Water Budget Department, Na Sabatce 2050/17, 143 06 Prague 412, Czechia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Quite recently, freely available mean daily discharge series representing the territory of Czechia were complemented by ten daily series of nine climate variables, spanning usually from 1961 to the present. Their length thus allows the analyses similar to those conducted approximately a year ago in relation to the long series of discharge. Besides this possibility, the current paper goes further and shows how these long series (including discharge) can be used in order to assess the presence of the so-called Hurst phenomenon. Using a wavelet-based approach, several important differences in the wavelet spectra and values of the Hurst exponent (as well as the uncertainty in their estimation) were found when focusing on discharge, air temperature and precipitation. Furthermore, using the stationarity and unit root tests, it was revealed that, unlike precipitation, air temperature and discharge series may be characterized by long-memory processes in many cases. Finally, as the paper is devoted mainly to students, a short R script is presented in Appendix that makes it easier to work with the online files offered by Czech climatologists.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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