E3S Web Conf.
Volume 49, 2018SOLINA 2018 - VII Conference SOLINA Sustainable Development: Architecture - Building Construction - Environmental Engineering and Protection Innovative Energy-Efficient Technologies - Utilization of Renewable Energy Sources
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Published online||13 August 2018|
Sorptive testing of mortars with varying water-cement ratios
Department of Building Physics and Building Materials, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, West Pomeranian University of Technology Szczecin, al. Piastów 50, 70-311 Szczecin, Poland
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The article presents the results of studies on sorption performed on three samples of mortars with similar density of about 2,000 kg/m3. The tested mortars differed in their water-to-cement ratio. Three levels of w/c ratio were adopted that were respectively: 0.5; 0.55 and 0.6. The prepared mortars were cut into samples with a thickness of 1 cm, dried to constant weight at a temperature of 105°C and insulated on the side surface with silicone. The experiment was carried out at a temperature of 25°C and at six different levels of relative humidity φ ≈ 12, 33, 54, 76, 85, 98%. Relative humidity was provided by saturated solutions of the appropriate salts: LiCl (φ ≈ 12%), MgCl2 (φ ≈ 33%), Mg(NO3)2 (φ ≈ 53%), NaCl (φ ≈ 76%), KCl (φ ≈ 85%), K2SO4 (φ ≈ 98%). The adopted level of temperature and range of relative humidity meet the hygrothermal conditions which tend to affect the cement mortar in real life. The long-term measurement results were used to assess the behaviour of the tested mortars under various conditions of moisture and to determine the equilibrium sorptive humidity.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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