E3S Web Conf.
Volume 53, 20182018 3rd International Conference on Advances in Energy and Environment Research (ICAEER 2018)
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Environment Engineering, Environmental Safety and Detection|
|Published online||14 September 2018|
Sedimentary Characteristics and Lithological Trap Identification of Distant Braided Delta Deposits: A Case on Upper Cretaceous Yogou Formation of Termit Basin, Niger
PetroChina Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration and Development, 100083 Beijing, China
2 CECEP L&T Environmental Technology, 100085 Beijing, China
Lithological trap identification in thin sand and thick shale layers is still a challenge for hydrocarbon exploration. Based on the high-resolution sequence stratigraphy theory and the establishment of high-resolution sequence stratigraphy framework with seismic-well tie, the dynamic deposition process of braided delta sands on late Cretaceous Yogou formation has been analyzed on 62 wells in passive rifting Termit basin with multi-stages depressions and reversals. (1) Six kinds of sedimentary microfacies and three major reservoir sands with multi-stages vertical stacking and lateral migration are in late Cretaceous; (2) Based on accommodation space/Sediments supply change and depositional progress, sedimentary facies distribution evolution has been done according to sands thickness statistics of sedimentary micro-facies, and narrow-time seismic attributes and slices analysis, multi-sources braided delta depositional model has been concluded; (3) Based on source rock and caprock evaluation, with reservoir sands distribution and faults impact on Yogou formation of Termit basin, four types of traps, including structure-lithology, Structure-strata, stratigraphic and lithology are concluded. Traps influencing factors, i.e., structure geometry, sands distribution, paleotopography, stratigraphy cycling, sand/shale lateral connection, reservoir quality and so on, have different impacts on these traps, and different lithologic-stratigraphy traps have different exploration risks. Structure geometry and sands distribution are very important for the structure-lithology traps; structure geometry and paleotopography are the key factors in Structure-strata traps. Sands distribution and reservoir quality can be focused on lithology traps. Moreover, paleotopography and sand/shale lateral connection are significant on stratigraphic traps. Therefore, different hydrocarbon accumulation types of lithological traps have been established.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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