E3S Web Conf.
Volume 53, 20182018 3rd International Conference on Advances in Energy and Environment Research (ICAEER 2018)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Environment Engineering, Environmental Safety and Detection|
|Published online||14 September 2018|
Numerical Investigation the Effect of the Different Tip Vanes on the Loading of an H-VAWT
School of Energy and Power Engineering, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou 730050, China
2 School of Naval Architecture, Ocean and Civil Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
3 Key Laboratory of Fluid machinery and Systems, Lanzhou 730050, China
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
In this paper, the effect of the three typical tip vanes on the loading of an H-VAWT is investigated by employing the three-dimensional unsteady numerical simulation method. The results show that the both transient tangential force coefficient (CT) and normal force coefficient (Cn) have obvious change when the winglet and the V type vane is used at the blade's tip, respectively. However, in three tip vanes, the CT average value is the lowest and the CT fluctuation characteristic is the highest when the winglet is used. Although the winglet and V type vane contribute to change the transient CT and Cn, the normal force is increased too, it results in increasing fatigue loading and decreasing lifetime for H-VAWT. By comparison, the effect of the plate vane on the loading is weaker. Additionally, the winglet is advantage to improve power coefficient in the low tip speed ratio.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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