E3S Web Conf.
Volume 54, 201825th Salt Water Intrusion Meeting (SWIM 2018)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||17 September 2018|
Salt water intrusion in the breakthrough valley of the river Aa between the Flemish coastal plain and the Saint Omer basin (France)
Department of Geology Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
2 G. Smeyers N.V., Zandhoven, Belgium
3 International Marine & Dredging Consultants (IMDC), Antwerp, elgium
4 Pidpa, Antwerp, Belgium
Contact Information: L. Lebbe, Ghent University, Faculty of Science, Geology Department, Krijgslaan 281 (S8), B 9000 Gent , Belgium, Phone: +32-9-2644653, Email: email@example.com
The salinity distribution in a breakthrough valley has been studied based on field observations and using a numerical model. The studied valley is located in Northern France between the Saint Omer basin and the Flemish coastal plain. The field campaign starts with the installation of observation wells. In these observations wells the electrical conductivity is logged versus depth with an electro-magnetic device. These wells also allow the necessary measurements to deduce the fresh water heads. Some of the wells are used for the performance of a pumping test. The lateral variation of the electrical conductivity of the water in the drainage canals is measured. With a numerical model the evolution of the flow and distribution of the fresh and salt water are simulated. Two simulations are made with the same schematization of the groundwater reservoir consisting of quaternary marine sediments, silt and clay and with the same hydraulic and solute parameters and boundary conditions but with two different initial salinity distributions. The results of both simulations show that the salinity distribution in the quaternary marine sediments depends not only on the lateral variation of the watertable but also on the shape of the incision of the palaeo-valley into the clay of Ypresian age. The salinity distribution in the lower part of the quaternary marine sediments depends first and foremost on the shape of the incision of the palaeo-valley into the clay of Ypresian age whereas the salinity distribution in the upper part of the quaternary marine sediments depends first and foremost on the lateral variation of the watertable.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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