E3S Web Conf.
Volume 56, 2018VII International Scientific Conference “Problems of Complex Development of Georesources” (PCDG 2018)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Geomechanical Problems of Development of Subsoil|
|Published online||26 September 2018|
The role of modern geodynamic movements in the formation of geomechanical problems in subsoil use
Institute of mining of UB RAS, Ekaterinburg, Russia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The paper describes the role of geomechanical processes and phenomena in the development and manifestation of hazardous situations in the development of mineral deposits, threatening the working personnel and the surrounding population. The studies of the Ural Scientific School of geomechanics functioning in the Institute of Mining of Ural Branch of RAS have established that the basis for the formation of hazardous geomechanical processes and phenomena are the fundamental properties of the rock mass - hierarchical blocking and constant mobility caused by the recent geodynamical movements. The constant mobility of hierarchical block medium of rock mass under the influence of trend and short-term recent geodynamical movements gives rise to the phenomenon of the secondary structuring. The recent geodynamical movements concentrate at the borders of the secondary structures and result in the deformations exceeding by 2 - 5 times the intrablock and integral deformations and representing the main source of the hazardous impact on the mining objects and on the surrounding population. The technology of the geological environment diagnostics for the forecast of hazardous mining situations is aimed at the identification of the boundary zones of secondary structures, the estimation of the hazard level of deformation processes and the adoption of proactive measures.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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