E3S Web Conf.
Volume 64, 20182018 3rd International Conference on Power and Renewable Energy
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Photovoltaic Systems and Power Generation Technologies|
|Published online||27 November 2018|
Optimal design of a coproduction system of electricity and hydrogen to manage imbalances resulting from forecast errors in photovoltaic outputs
Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Systems, Graduate School of the University of Tokyo, 113-8656 Tokyo, Japan
Renewable power sources are increasing mainly because of economic institutions such as renewable portfolio standard or feed-in tariff program. In Japan, the feed-in tariff program triggered explosive growth of photovoltaic systems because of its high tariff level. Although mass introduction of photovoltaic systems certainly contributes to reduce CO2 emissions, it causes instability issues in power systems. One of the most serious issues is management of imbalances resulting from forecast errors in photovoltaic outputs. On the other hand, power-to-gas technologies are attracting our attention, since these technologies could convert surplus of renewable energy to other energy carriers. In particular, hydrogen is efficiently produced from electricity using electrolysis. We could use hydrogen to manage the imbalances by the system, in which uncertain parts of photovoltaic outputs are used to produce hydrogen. In this paper, we propose a coproduction system of electricity and hydrogen to reduce the imbalances. For this purpose, a novel mathematical model is developed, in which we determine the structure of the coproduction system with a mixed integer linear programming method. Evaluated results indicated that the coproduction system is economical under appropriate capacity of the electrolyzer.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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