E3S Web Conf.
Volume 68, 2018The 1st Sriwijaya International Conference on Environmental Issues 2018 (1st SRICOENV 2018)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Strengthening People-Environment Inter-Relationship|
|Published online||27 November 2018|
Exploring Historical and Projection of Drought Periods in Cirebon Regency, Indonesia
1 School of Environmental Science, Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia
2 School of Architecture, Planning and Policy Development, Bandung Institute of Technology, Indonesia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Climate hazards that affect drought could have an impact on agricultural production. Cirebon Regency as one of West Java's food supply areahas experienced hydrological drought because ofclimate variability. Hence, there were many rice fieldswhich lack of water sources for irrigation and resulted in crop failure. Accordingly, this study aims to explore the historical and projection of drought periods as well as the severity of droughts in Cirebon Regency, Indonesia. Interpretation of weather and climate data and Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) were employed for methods of this studyby using rainfall data only. Based on baseline data (1986-2017) from Jatiwangi Meteorological Stationand Global Circulation Model (GCM) projection simulation (2020-2045) under the Representative Concentration Pathways (RCP) 4.5 scenario, the SPI analysis results show that the drought periodsare predicted to shift in the future with increasing drought severity. This study concludes that climate variability that affects future dry rainfall will still happen in uncertain month periods.Therefore, climatic information is needed in the vulnerable area to reduce the potential impactsthat will occur in the future.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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