E3S Web Conf.
Volume 86, 2019The First International Scientific Conference on Ecological and Environmental Engineering 2018
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||22 February 2019|
Ecological risk assessment of chemical contaminants in stormwater sediments
Kielce University of Technology, Faculty of Environmental, Geomatics and Energy Engineering Al. Tysiąclecia Państwa Polskiego 7, 25-314, Kielce, Poland
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Contaminants bound to suspended solids transported by stormwater pose quantity and quality problems to the water ecosystem. Therefore, it is necessary to carry out an ecological risk assessment. Currently, Polish legal regulations do not require that stormwater sediments should be tested for hazardous substances prior to their removal. Ecological evaluation was performed for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and heavy metals in the sediments from three selected stormwater sedimentation tanks located in urban catchment areas of Kielce city. The purpose this study was to analyze sediments for chemical contaminants and to demonstrate the relationship between contaminant levels and physical attributes of the catchment, including land use, drainage area, age of catchment and impervious surface in the watershed. Levels of PAHs and heavy metals (Cd, Cr, Ni, Pb and Zn) in stormwater sediments were then compared with Polish regulations and ecological screening values to determine their potential risk to environment were established. The results of the current study suggest that stormwater sediments are moderately contaminated with PAHs and heavy metals according to domestic regulations. They are, however, highly contaminated according to ecological benchmarks, which are exceeded several times.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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