E3S Web Conf.
Volume 91, 2019Topical Problems of Architecture, Civil Engineering and Environmental Economics (TPACEE 2018)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||02 April 2019|
The use of finely ground slag in portland cement with mineral additives
Moscow State University of Civil Engineering, Yaroslavskoye shosse 26, Moscow, 129337, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The method of introducing of finely ground granulated blast furnace slag (GBFS) in the composition of the cement as a result of dry mixing of the material with the additive is considered. The aim of the research was to study the effect of the addition of finely ground slag on the construction, technical, physical, mechanical, and structural characteristics of cement with mineral additives. The setting time was studied, the normal density of the cement paste with the addition of finely ground slag was determined. The dependences of the strength and porosity of the cement stone on the time of hydration of samples are built. The strength of the cement was determined by the national standard GOST 30744-2001. The porosity of the cement stone was determined by saturating the samples with an inert liquid. It has been established that the introduction of 3–5% of slag 1 and 1–3% of slag 2 provides an increase in the strength of cement stone during the first days of hardening on average by 37–44%; at the grade age - by 26–30%, decrease in porosity — by 17–28%. It is shown that the introduction of finely ground slag additives compacts and strengthens the structure of the cement stone. It has been established that grinding GBFS to a size of 1 μm (slag 1) is impractical because the obtained research results are comparable with the results when slag 2 is introduced into the cement composition.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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