E3S Web Conf.
Volume 91, 2019Topical Problems of Architecture, Civil Engineering and Environmental Economics (TPACEE 2018)
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Published online||02 April 2019|
Cavitation in swirling flows of hydraulic spillways
Moscow State University of Civil Engineering, 129337, Moscow, Yaroslavskoye shosse, 26. Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
During operation of high-head hydraulic spillway systems, cavitation phenomena often occur, leading to destruction of structural elements of their flow conductor portions. The article is devoted to the study of erosion due to cavitation in the circulation flows of eddy hydraulic spillways, including those equipped with counter-vortex flow energy dissipators. Cavitation destructive effects depend on many factors: intensity consisting in the rate of decrease in the volume or mass of a cavitating body per unit of time, the stage of cavitation, geometric configuration of the streamlined body, the content of air in water, the flow rate, the type of material. The objective of the study consisted in determination of cavitation impacts in circulating (swirling) water flows. The studies were conducted by a method of physical modeling using high-head research installations. Distribution of amplitudes of pulses of shock cavitation impact is obtained according to the frequency of their occurrence depending on the flow velocity, the swirl angle, the height of the cavitating drop wall and the stage of cavitation. The impact energy depending on the stage of cavitation and the flow rate is given for different operating modes of the counter-vortex flow energy dissipators of a hydraulic spillway. In the conclusions, it is noted that cavitation impacts in the circulation flows occur mainly inside the flow, which is a fundamental difference from similar processes in axial flows.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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