E3S Web Conf.
Volume 97, 2019XXII International Scientific Conference “Construction the Formation of Living Environment” (FORM-2019)
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Hydrotechnical Construction and Melioration|
|Published online||29 May 2019|
Flow kinematics with oppositely rotating coaxial layers
Moscow State University of Civil Engineering, Yaroslavskoe shosse, 26, Moscow, 129337, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
In modern technological processes, liquid and gas flows play an important role. This is especially mostly evident in hydraulic engineering and hydropower construction when designing the highly efficient hydraulic turbines, various spillway systems and other elements of layout patterns of structures. When designing and constructing such facilities, it is necessary to know the characteristics of the flows to be passed through these structures in order to correctly take into account the various types of impacts from the flow: pressure pulsations, cavitation and erosion due to cavitation, wave formation and abrasive wear. When designing high-head spillway structures, special attention is paid to the presence of excess energy from the stream entering the lower pool, which requires special measures to dissipate it. Nowadays, in the practice of construction of hydraulic structures, swirled flows are used including those with oppositely rotating layers. This type of flow creates a number of effects that allow one to radically solve the problems of energy dissipation of high-velocity flows. The report presents the results of studies of a complicated flow formed by oppositely rotating coaxially arranged layers of liquid made by a physical method. The description of the experimental stand for the model studies of such flows is given. The basic parameters of the installation, the principle of operation of the recording equipment and its main characteristics are given. The results of model studies in the form of distribution of the components of the flow velocity along the cross section of the flow conductor and its length are given.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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