E3S Web Conf.
Volume 92, 20197th International Symposium on Deformation Characteristics of Geomaterials (IS-Glasgow 2019)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Laboratory Experimental Techniques: Particle Scale and Fabric|
|Published online||25 June 2019|
Soil microstructural changes induced by suffusion: x-ray computed tomography characterization
IRSTEA, Research Unit RECOVER, 13182 Aix-en-Provence Cedex 5, France
2 University Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, Grenoble INP, 3SR, F-38000 Grenoble, France
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Suffusion is one mechanism of internal erosion, which occurs in gap-graded or broadly graded soils when the fine particles are detached and transported by the seepage flow through the void space formed by the granular soil skeleton. Suffusion is therefore a particle scale mechanism. During this microscale, the initial soil fabric may change due to both fines migration and coarse grains rearrangement, leading to an increase/decrease of global/local porosity and hydraulic conductivity, besides of a probable appearance of heterogeneity, which can, in turn, impact the mechanical behaviour of the eroded soil. In the literature, suffusion test results give only a macroscopic point of view and fail to quantify the effect of suffusion at the scale of the soil's induced heterogeneities. In this paper, x-ray tomography is used to get microscopic observations of soil sample microstructure evolution during a suffusion test. The results reveal that suffusion is not a homogeneous process; the removal of fine particles takes place mainly around the soil sample circumference leading to a higher void ratio at the periphery. Besides, the inter-granular void ratio decreases significantly but almost uniformly throughout the sample owing to the progressive collapse and reorganization of the coarse grains induced by the loss in fines.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.