E3S Web Conf.
Volume 92, 20197th International Symposium on Deformation Characteristics of Geomaterials (IS-Glasgow 2019)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Published online||25 June 2019|
Constitutive modelling of gassy clay
School of Engineering, University of Glasgow, G12 8QQ, UK
2 Key Laboratory of Offshore Geotechnics and Material of Zhejiang Province, College of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310058, P.R. China
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Fine grained sediments with undissolved gas bubbles are widely distributed in the seabed around the world. The gas bubbles are much larger than the clay particles and fit in the saturated clay matrix rather than the pore water. Generally, these bubbles tend to degrade the soil stiffness and strength. But when the difference between the gas and pore water pressure is sufficiently small, pore water in the saturated clay matrix can drain into the cavities, making the void ratio of the saturated matrix smaller, which makes the undrained shear strength of the gassy clay sample higher than that of a saturated one. Such soil response cannot be described based on the assumption that gassy clay is a soil with compressible pore fluid. A new constitutive model for describing the stress-strain relation for gassy clay is proposed. An important feature of the model is that the gassy clay is considered as a composite material with compressible cavities which could be flooded by pore water. Effect of gas cavities on plastic hardening on the saturated matrix is accounted for. The model has been used to predict the response of three gassy clays and good agreement between the test data and model simulations is observed. Potential improvement of the model is discussed.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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