E3S Web Conf.
Volume 92, 20197th International Symposium on Deformation Characteristics of Geomaterials (IS-Glasgow 2019)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Geomaterial Behaviour: Coupled Effects|
|Published online||25 June 2019|
Thermally induced pore water pressure of reconstituted London clay
Imperial College London, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, SW7 2AZ, UK
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Different forms of thermo-active structures have been proposed as a way of making use of the ground temperature to achieve renewable low-carbon heating and cooling in civil engineering construction. Such structures comprise piles, retaining walls or tunnel linings, and are used both as structural components and as conduits for utilising geothermal energy. In the scenario of the underground space in London, it is the thermo-active piles that have received most attention. However, little experimental evidence exists on the thermal behaviour of London clay to aid the design of thermo-active structures. This paper presents advanced laboratory testing on the reconstituted London clay to characterise the effect of temperature on its mechanical behaviour. Particular emphasis is given to thermally induced pore water pressures, as their evolution is not well understood. Tests are conducted in a temperature-controlled isotropic cell developed at Imperial College London. The emphasis of the current paper is on the temperature-based calibrations of different transducers. Soil specimens are isotropically consolidated and then subjected to undrained heating-cooling in the temperature range of 21 to 37 °C. Results obtained are compared with an existing laboratory study on another type of clay.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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