E3S Web Conf.
Volume 92, 20197th International Symposium on Deformation Characteristics of Geomaterials (IS-Glasgow 2019)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Numerical Modelling: THCM Coupling, Localisation, Boundary Value Problems|
|Published online||25 June 2019|
Cracking behaviour of fine-grained soils: from laboratory testing to numerical modelling
Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), BATir Department, Brussels, Belgium
2 University of Strathclyde, Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Glasgow, UK
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Many experimental evidences suggest that desiccation cracks in clay initiate as a result of the mobilization of soil tensile strength. However this mechanical approach disregards the cohesionless and effective stress-dependent behaviour of fine-grained soil. On the other hand recent findings in the literature suggest that effective stress-dependent shear failure criteria would be appropriate to explain the mechanisms of desiccation cracking for tensile total stress states. This work aims at assessing the validity of a shear failure criterion to predict the onset of cracking in clay forms exposed to air drying. Clay forms of various geometries were experimentally subjected to non-uniform hydraulic and mechanical boundary conditions. Time and location for crack initiation are monitored using a digital camera. Cracking experiments are then modelled in a hydro-mechanical framework using an effective-stress shear failure criterion. The comparison of simulations with experimental results for both the time and the location of cracking allows assuming that cracking occurs due to failure in shearing.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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