E3S Web Conf.
Volume 92, 20197th International Symposium on Deformation Characteristics of Geomaterials (IS-Glasgow 2019)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Published online||25 June 2019|
The effect of suction on ground surface settlement for a tunnel
Koya University, Geotechnical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Iraq
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
This paper addresses the physical modelling of a tunnel for saturated and unsaturated sand as well as tests in dry condition. A series of tests were conducted for a 50 mm diameter tunnel buried 25 mm into a poorly graded fine sand under different normal stresses: 0.78, 1.56, 2.34 and 3.31 kPa. Suction was controlled by means of the hanging column technique (HCT). Particle image velocimetry (PIV) was also utilised to obtain the vector displacement and compared with the results of the physical modelling. The results of the fully saturated sample showed that the sample experienced a sudden spatial collapse above and around the tunnel's crown. In addition, large displacement on top of the tunnel's crown was also observed for the fully dry case. However, the unsaturated sample did not experience any sudden collapse. This was attributed to the effect of the suction contribution on strength.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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