E3S Web Conf.
Volume 94, 2019International Symposium on Global Navigation Satellite System 2018 (ISGNSS 2018)
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Positioning Technology and Applications|
|Published online||08 May 2019|
Seven days in Chile: Impact of the 2011 Puyehue-Cordon Caulle volcanic eruption on GPS ionospheric delay
College for Management in Tourism and Informatics, Virovitica, Croatia
2 University College of Applied Sciences Hrvatsko Zagorje Krapina, Krapina, Croatia
3 PhD Student, Faculty of Maritime Studies, University of Rijeka, Rijeka, Croatia
4 Independent satellite navigation, statistical learning, and space weather researcher, Zagreb, Croatia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Satellite navigation is a global utility and an essential component of national infrastructure. Disruptions of GNSS PNT services may be considered a threat to society and civilisation in general. Natural hazards may cause the conditions that disrupt or temporarily deny GNSS PNT services. As a contributor to ionospheric dynamics, volcanic activity is considered a source of GNSS positioning performance degradation. Here we studied the 2011 Puyehue-Cordon Caulle event, the largest 21st century volcanic eruption so far, in terms of its contribution to formation of Total Electron Content (TEC), the source of ionosphere-caused GNSS positioning error, and the effects the event made on GPS positioning accuracy. TEC values were derived from dual-frequency GPS observations collected experimentally at the International GNSS Service Network reference stations in Santiago, central Chile closest to the Puyehue-Cordon Caulle volcano. We identified considerable anomalous behaviour of TEC dynamics prior to, during and after the volcanic eruption, and examined the extent to which it affected GPS positioning accuracy. The research presented here will continue with the aim of characterisation of TEC anomalous dynamics around the eruption, and its effects on GNSS positioning performance.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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