E3S Web Conf.
Volume 94, 2019International Symposium on Global Navigation Satellite System 2018 (ISGNSS 2018)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||GNSS Today and Future|
|Published online||08 May 2019|
Latest GNSS signal in space developments – GPS, QZSS & the new Beidou 3 under examination
German Aerospace Center (DLR), Oberpfaffenhofen, 82234 Wessling, Germany
2 Chair of Navigation, RWTH Aachen University, 52062 Aachen, Germany
Nowadays one can use four global navigation satellite systems (GNSS). Two of them are complete constellations (GPS, Glonass) and two (Beidou, Galileo) are already usable and will be finish in the near future. Additionally satellite based augmentation systems (SBAS) like WAAS, EGNOS, GAGAN or QZSS complement the GNSS service. However, within all systems one can observe changes, modifications, and updates every year. This can be related to satellite renewables leading to signal property changes. Especially, for safety critical applications using GNSS, like advanced receiver autonomous integrity monitoring (ARAIM) or ground-based augmentation systems (GBAS) the new or changed signal properties are of high interest. With the help of detailed information about the signal deformation and the received signal power it is possible to calculate realistic error bounds and consequently realistic protection level for these kinds of safety critical applications. This paper presents an overview of the findings according new signals or signal configurations of GPS, Beidou and QZSS of the last two years. After a brief introduction of the measurement facility the paper will introduce basic analysis about the quality of the signal shape in spectral and modulation domain. Using our precise calibrated measurement facility, we will also present an analysis of the transmitted satellite signal power including estimates about the power sharing among individual signal components within each band. Considering the measured power in relation to the boresight angle of the satellite one can derive a cut through the antenna pattern of the satellite and can assess the antenna symmetry properties. Examples for different satellites will be presented. Finally, we will end with a conclusion regarding the considered signal developments and its impact on GNSS users.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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