E3S Web Conf.
Volume 97, 2019XXII International Scientific Conference “Construction the Formation of Living Environment” (FORM-2019)
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Hydrotechnical Construction and Melioration|
|Published online||29 May 2019|
Hydraulic size of non-spherical solid particles
Moscow State University of Civil Engineering, Yaroslavskoe shosse, 26, Moscow, 129337, Russia
* Corresponding author: VolginaLV@gic.mgsu.ru
The paper studies impact of determining the diameter of solid particles on the calculation of the hydraulic particle size in the water flow. The relevance of the topic is also connected with the use of calculation of hydraulic size in hydraulic engineering in forecasting: downstream erosion, the formation of shoals, canals, bottom spillages, etc. Most of the empirical formulas for calculating the hydraulic particle size are applicable to spherical particles. However, the nature of the solid particles rarely has a spherical shape. The aim of this work is to investigate experimentally the dependence of the hydraulic size of the diameter of the solid particles. Different approaches to determining the diameter solid particles are analyzed, as for non-spherical particles finding the diameter is an independent and complex problem. For the experimental research solid particles of different shapes and sizes were used. The diameter is included in the empirical formulas for hydraulic size linearly, and to the power of 2 or 0.5. Therefore, the dependence of the experimental hydraulic size on the diameter was correlated with the corresponding functions. The shape of the particle significantly affects the value of the hydraulic size and depends on the diameter to the power of (0.5).
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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